Harappan – Life Style

Weights and Measures Technology

  • They used bronze measuring instruments to measure lands.
  • Cubical chert weights have been unearthed from Harappan sites.
  • The weights exhibit a binary system.
  • The Ratio of weight has followed the double pattern.
  • The ratio of weight is doubled as 1:2:4:8:16:32.
  • The small weight measure of the 16th ratio weighs63 grams.
  • They also used a measuring scale in which one inch was around 1.75 cm.
  • Ivory scale found in Lothal in Gujarat is 1704 mm.

Seals Sealings and Scripts

  • The seals from various media such as steatite, copper, terracotta and ivory are frequently found in the Harappan sites.
  • The Harappan script has not yet been convincingly deciphered.
  • The longest text has about twenty six signs.
  • Some scholars are of the view that it is Dravidian.
  • These characters are written one line from left to right and one line from right to left.

Arts and Amusement

  • Toy carts, rattles, wheels, tops, marbles and hop scotches exhibit the amusement of the Harappan people.

Faith and Belief System

  • The Indus people worshiped They worshiped the pipal tree.
  • They buried the dead.
  • Evidence of cremation of dead bodies has also been found.
  • The Harappan burials have pottery, ornaments, jewelry, copper mirrors and beads.
  • These suggest their belief in life after death.
  • Worship of Mother Goddess (which symbolized fertility).
  • This later became power worship.

Worship of Lord Pasupathi

  • The Seals found at Harappa are engraved with the image of a seated Mahayogi.
  • It has three faces and looks like a good sitting in a yoga position.
  • It is surrounded by images of elephants and tigers on the right and rhinos and buffaloes on the left.
  • According to Archaeologists, these worship are of Lord Shiva’ (Three Faces) Pasupathi various forms of animals, Yokeshwarar god of yogi.


  • The people of the Indus Valley used Cuttle fish bones to make medicines for eye, ear, throat and skin diseases.

Status of Women

  • In the Indus Valley, women were treated equally to men.
  • Evidence of this can be found as bronze face mirrors, comb made of ivory and found here.

Political System

  • Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro might have had a citystate like polity.
  • The uniformity in the cultural materials and measurements point to a central authority during the Harappan times.

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